In 1944, Cunningham choreographed a solo called Idyllic Song to the first movement of Erik Satie’s Socrate. Twenty-five years later, in 1969, he choreographed the other two movements, adding a duet to the second movement and a group dance to the third. Satie’s publisher refused permission for his two-piano arrangement, but John Cage composed a new piece for one piano, using the structure and phraseology of Satie’s music, and chance operation to change the continuity. His version was titled Cheap Imitation, inspiring Cunningham to name his ballet Second Hand. Second Hand had no décor, and Jasper Johns designed the costumes, each of a single color except for the edge of the arm or leg on one side where another color enters. The second color in each costume was the primary color for another dancer’s costume, and as the dancer’s bowed, they were arranged in order to show the color succession.
Choreography / 1970
Variations V (VideoDance)
Cage, Arnbom, VanDerBeek, Ewert
Cage, Tudor, Mumma